LIS professionals use structures for organizing knowledge when they catalog and classify objects in the collection, when they develop databases, when they design customized taxonomies, or when they search online.
Structures for Organizing Knowledge: Exploring Taxonomies, Ontologies, and Other Schema explores and explains this basic function by looking at three questions: 1) How do we organize objects so that they make sense and are useful? 2) What role do categories, classifications, taxonomies, and other structures play in the process of organizing? 3) What do information professionals need to know about organizing behaviors in order to design useful structures for organizing knowledge?
Taking a broad, yet specialized approach that is a first in the field, this book answers those questions by examining three threads: traditional structures for organizing knowledge; personal structures for organizing knowledge; and socially-constructed structures for organizing knowledge. Through these threads, it offers avenues for expanding thinking on classification and classification schemes, taxonomy and ontology development, and structures. Both a history of the development of taxonomies and an analysis of current research, theories, and applications, this volume explores a wide array of topics, including the new digital, social aspect of taxonomy development.
Examples of subjects covered include:
• Formal and informal structures
• Applications of knowledge structures
• Classification schemes
• Early taxonomists and their contributions
• Social networking, bookmarking, and cataloging sites
• Cataloging codes
• Standards and best practices
• Tags, tagging, and folksonomies
• Descriptive cataloging
• Metadata schema standards
Thought exercises, references, and a list of helpful websites augment each section. A final chapter, “Thinking Ahead: Are We at a Crossroads?” uses “envisioning exercises” to help LIS professionals look into the future.
"A thoughtful survey of research finding and a stimulating complex of issues to ponder."