Robert S. Martin is Professor Emeritus in the School of Library and Information Studies at Texas Woman's University, where he was Professor of Library Science and Lillian Bradshaw Endowed Chair until his retirement in 2008. Previously he served as Director of the Institute of Museum and Library Services and Director and Librarian of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission. He currently serves on the National Council on the Humanities and the Executive Board of the Urban Libraries Council. He has authored or edited numerous books and journal articles on library management, the history of libraries and librarianship, and the history of the exploration and mapping of the American West. His work has been recognized with numerous honors and awards, including Distinguished Service Awards from both the Texas Library Association and the Society of Southwest Archivists and the Justin Winsor Prize from the American Library Association. He is a Fellow of the Society of American Archivists and a Distinguished Alumnus of Rice University. In 2008 he was awarded the Presidential Citizens Medal, the second highest civilian honor conferred in the United States.