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"The most important question we have asked our contributors to answer is: 'What would you have done differently, knowing what you know now?' Their answers provide much food for thought."—Diane I. Hillmann and Elaine L.Westbrooks

In the "Wild West" of digital library projects, pioneering information specialists have uncovered successful solutions, learned what to avoid, and how to proceed amid constant change. As administrator of "AskDCMI," Diane Hillmann has fielded hundreds of questions from implementers. This new collection of reports from the field, co-Hillmann, is an opportunity for librarians to learn from the experience of others involved in technically diverse digital library archive projects.

Part One illustrates projects serving teachers, universities, Canadian educators, statewide collaborations, and geographical information, while Part Two addresses future trends. Considering these examples, with their unvarnished "lessons learned," librarians will derive answers to such technical questions as:

  • What are the major standards relevant to digital libraries?
  • How do these elements relate to one another and to traditionallibrary practices?
  • How do planners integrate cutting edge metadata issues intoproject planning?
  • What does the future hold for harvesting, re-use, and re-purposingof information?

Sharing detailed results in candid reports, the contributors provide valuable information not readily available anywhere else. This collection offers project planners, metadata librarians, systems and technical services librarians, and catalogers a problem-solving approach and real-world supplement for their metadata needs.


PART I Project-Based Implementations

1 Building an Education Digital Library: GEM and Early Metadata Standards Adoption 1
Stuart A. Sutton

2 Building Heritage Colorado: The Colorado Digitization Experience 17
Liz Bishoff and Elizabeth S. Meagher

3 Museums and Metadata: A Shifting Paradigm 37
Angela Spinazzè

4 The Eye of the Beholder: Challenges of Image Description and Access at Harvard 51
Robin Wendler

5 Building a Metadata-Sharing Campus: The University of Minnesota IMAGES Initiatives 70
Charles F. Thomas

6 Crosswalking Citation Metadata: The University of California's Experience 89
Karen Coyle

7 CanCore: Semantic Interoperability for Learning Object Metadata 104
Norm Friesen

8 The Alexandria Digital Library Project: Metadata Development and Use 117
Linda L. Hill and Greg Janée

9 Distributing and Synchronizing Heterogeneous Metadata in Geospatial Information Repositories for Access 139
Elaine L. Westbrooks

10 The Internet Scout Project's Metadata Management Experience: Research, Solutions, and Knowledge 158
Rachael Bower, David Sleasman, and Edward Almasy

11 Lessons Learned from the Illinois OAI Metadata Harvesting Project 174
Timothy W. Cole and Sarah L. Shreeves

PART II The Future of Metadata Development and Practice Development and Practice

12 Community-Based Content Control 191
Harriette Hemmasi

13 Building an Open Language Archives Community on the DC Foundation 203
Steven Bird and Gary Simons

14 Mixed Content and Mixed Metadata: Information Discovery in a Messy World 223
Caroline R. Arms and William Y. Arms

15 The Continuum of Metadata Quality: Defining, Expressing, Exploiting 238
Thomas R. Bruce and Diane I. Hillmann

16 Metadata Futures: Steps toward Semantic Interoperability 257
Rachel Heery



Diane I. Hillmann

Diane I. Hillmann is partner at Metadata Management Associates, consultants devoted to the development of intelligent metadata management solutions and services, particularly in library and digital library environments. She was a working librarian at Cornell University for nearly thirty years, an early participant in the development of the Dublin Core, and publishes regularly on metadata, semantic mapping, and new directions in the use of technology in libraries.

Elaine L. Westbrooks

Elaine L. Westbrooks is University librarian and vice provost for University Libraries at UNC Chapel Hill. She provides support for the research enterprise’s short- and long-term objectives as well as operational leadership to subject specialists who represent the arts and humanities, social sciences, international studies, and science and engineering. Elaine’s previous positions include associate dean of Libraries at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln and head of Metadata Services at Cornell University. She is the coeditor of Metadata in Practice (2004). She has presented her research at various conferences, including the American Library Association, the Coalition for Networked Information, Dublin Core, and the Library and Information Technology Association. Because of her efforts to build strategic partnerships across borders, Elaine was the recipient of the Foreign Expert Award from Fudan University in Shanghai, China, in 2015. In 2005 she received the Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Librarianship from the State University of New York. In 2014 Elaine was a Senior Fellow at UCLA’s Graduate School of Education and Information Studies. She has a BA in linguistics and an MLIS from the University of Pittsburgh.