Essential Law for Information Professionals, Third Edition

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As the world of information law grows in complexity, it becomes increasingly difficult for librarians and information professionals to understand how courtroom decisions should guide day-to-day choices. Essential Law for Information Professionals offers up-to-date and easy-to-follow practical advice, cutting through the legalese to provide answers in an easily digestible format. Giving readers the tools needed to quickly assess legal hazards and identify solutions, Paul Pedley's book includes new and up-to-date coverage of UK and EU legal topics such as

  • The Digital Economy Act 2010 and its implications for libraries
  • The Open Government License and the re-use of public information
  • Patents and trademarks
  • Guidelines from the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP) on user privacy in libraries
  • The move to extend legal deposit to electronic content
  • Recent changes in libel law
  • The Data Protection Act and new penalties for infringement
  • Digital content and platforms
  • Open access and social networking

This is an essential guide for anyone working in the information professions. It is also the ideal legal textbook for students of information studies and librarianship.

1. General law and background 
1.1 Legal system 
1.1.1 Common law system
1.1.2 Civil law system 
1.2 Court system 
1.2.1 England and Wales 
1.2.2 Scotland 
1.2.3 Northern Ireland
1.2.4 Tribunals 
1.3 Sources of law 
1.3.1 Progress of UK government legislation 
1.3.2 Law reports 
1.3.3 Public international law
1.3.4 Websites
1.4 European Union
1.4.1 Primary legislation
1.4.2 Secondary legislation
1.4.3 Gold plating
1.5 Legal concepts/terminology
1.5.1 Criminal law
1.5.2 Civil law 
1.5.3 Tort (England, Wales, Northern Ireland)/Delict (Scotland) 
1.5.4 Contract law 
1.5.5 Property 
1.6 Conclusions
2. Copyright
2.1 General principles
2.1.1 Copyright ownership 
2.2 Economic and moral rights
2.2.1 Risk management
2.3 Legislative framework
2.3.1 Berne Convention
2.3.2 Universal Copyright Convention 
2.3.3 Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
2.3.4 World Intellectual Property Organization Copyright Treaty 
2.3.5 Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement
2.3.6 European directives on copyright matters 
2.3.7 UK Legislation
2.3.8 Supplementary case law 
2.4 Acts permitted in relation to copyright works 
2.4.1 Fair dealing
2.4.2 The library provisions in the CDPA
2.5 Licensing 
2.5.1 Copyright Licensing Agency
2.5.2 Newspaper Licensing Agency
2.5.3 Design and Artists Copyright Society 
2.5.4 Ordnance Survey 
2.5.5 The National Archives
2.5.6 Creative Commons 
2.6 Digital copyright
2.6.1 Internet 
2.6.2 Right of communication to the public 
2.6.3 Hyperlinking and deep linking
2.6.4 Database regulations
2.6.5 Archiving and preservation of digital content 
2.6.6 Licensing of electronic resources 
2.6.7 Digital rights management systems 
2.6.8 Digital signatures and copyright declaration forms
2.6.9 The implications for libraries of the Digital Economy Act 2010 
2.6.10 The Hargreaves review of intellectual property and growth
2.7 Copyright clearance
2.7.1 Databases of rights owners 
2.7.2 Orphan works
2.8 Open access
2.9 Ethical and professional issues and conflicts 
2.10 Further information 
3. Legal deposit 
3.1 Introduction 
3.2 General principles 
3.2.1 Print material 
3.2.2 Non-print material
3.3 Voluntary deposit of non-print publications 
3.4 Enforcement 
3.5 Copyright and use of legal deposit material
3.6 Online defamation 
4. Breach of confidence 
4.1 General principles
4.2 Obligation of confidence and the Freedom of Information Act 
4.3 Remedies 
4.4 Case law on breach of confidence 
5. Patents, trade marks and design right 
5.1 Introduction 
5.2 Patents 
5.2.1 The legislative regime for patents
5.2.2 Software and intellectual property law
5.3 Trade and service marks 
5.3.1 Trade mark law and practice 
5.3.2 Renewing trade marks 
5.3.3 Trade marks and domain names 
5.3.4 Cybersquatting
5.3.5 Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Policy 
5.3.6 Company names and trade marks
5.4 Design right
5.5 Further information
6. Contracts and licensing agreements
6.1 General principles
6.2 Negotiating licences
6.2.1 Factors that can make or break a deal
6.3 Consortia and standard licences
6.4 Technology solutions
6.5 Use of passwords for licensed products 
6.5.1 Usage data 
6.6 Further information 
7. Data protection
7.1 Introduction 
7.2 General principles
7.3 The eight data protection principles
7.3.1 First principle 
7.3.2 Second principle
7.3.3 Third principle 
7.3.4 Fourth principle 
7.3.5 Fifth principle 
7.3.6 Sixth principle 
7.3.7 Seventh principle 
7.3.8 Eighth principle 
7.4 Processing of personal data 
7.5 Notification 
7.6 How to protect your information 
7.7 Identity theft 
7.8 Rights of the data subject 
7.8.1 Credit reference agencies
7.9 Data protection and employment 
7.9.1 Recruitment and selection 
7.9.2 Employment records and references 
7.9.3 Employee monitoring 
7.10 The business case 
7.11 Data protection compliance audits
7.12 Issues concerning websites and intranets
7.12.1 Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 
7.12.2 Spam 
7.13 Fines and prosecutions 
7.14 The implications for librarians 
7.14.1 E-books – privacy concerns
7.14.2 Electoral roll information in libraries 
7.14.3 Radio Frequency Identification 
7.15 British Standard on data protection
7.16 Further information 
8. Privacy
8.1 General principles
8.2 Obligation of confidence v. breach of privacy 
8.3 Codes of practice 
8.4 Injunctions
8.5 Privacy and libraries 
8.6 Case law 
Further information
9. Freedom of information
9.1 General principles of freedom of information
9.2 The Freedom of Information Act 2000 (FOIA
9.2.1 Local authorities
9.3 Publication schemes
9.4 Copyright implications of the FOIA
9.5 Freedom of information and library and information professionals 
9.6 Freedom of information rights and request procedures 
9.7 Exemptions and appeals 
9.8 Enforcement 
9.9 The Environmental Information Regulations 2004 (EIR) 
9.9.1 What is environmental information?
9.10 Freedom of information in Scotland
9.11 Freedom of information and data protection
9.11.1 Fees and charges
9.11.2 The time limit for responding to requests
9.11.3 The exemptions
9.12 European Union documents
9.13 Datasets 
9.14 CCTV
9.15 Further information and keeping up to date 
9.15.1 Organizations
9.15.2 Journals 
9.15.3 Weblogs and newsfeeds
10. The Information Commissioner 
10.1 The role of the Information Commissioner 
10.1.1 Data protection 
10.1.2 Freedom of information
10.1.3 Environmental Information Regulations
10.2 The Information Commissioner and devolved government 
10.3 Scottish Information Commissioner 
10.4 Charging for services 
10.5 Further information 
11. Human rights 
11.1 General principles
11.1.1 Fundamental Rights Agency 
11.2 Online human rights code
11.3 Guiding principles for library and information professionals
11.3.1Human rights and the information society
11.4 Human rights and data protection
11.5 Human rights and breach of confidence
11.6 Human rights and copyright 
11.7 Human rights and freedom of expression 
11.8 Further information 
12. The reuse of public sector information 
12.1 General principles
12.1.1 UK Open Government Licence
12.1.2 Information Asset Register
12.1.3 Information Fair Trader Scheme
12.2 Advisory Panel on Public Sector Information (APPSI) 
12.3 Right to data 
12.4 Public Data Corporation
12.5 Further information 
12.5.1 Organizations
12.5.2 Publications 
13. Defamation
13.1 Introduction 
13.2 General principles
13.3 Slander 
13.4 Libel 
13.5 Defences to libel
13.5.1 Justification/veritas 
13.5.2 Honest comment (previously known as fair comment) 
13.5.3 Privilege
13.5.4 The offer to make amends 
13.6 Remedies 
13.6.1 Civil action for damages
13.6.2 Costs
13.6.3 An injunction/interdict to prevent repetition 
13.6.4 Criminal prosecution to punish the wrongdoer by fine or imprisonment
13.7 Defamation and the internet
13.7.1 The liability of internet service providers for other people's material
13.7.2 The application of the limitation period to online archives 
13.7.3 Exposure of internet publishers to liability in other jurisdictions 
13.7.4 The risk of prosecution for contempt of court 
13.7.5 Social networking sites 
13.7.6 E-mail libel 
13.8 Checklist 
14. Professional liability 
14.1 General principles
14.2 Contract
14.3 Tort (delict in Scotland) 
14.4 Liability and electronic information 
14.5 Liability for copyright infringement
14.6 Risk management
14.7 Indemnity and insurance
15.Cybercrime and computer misuse
15.1 General principles
15.2 Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime 
15.3 The Computer Misuse Act 1990 
15.4 Hacking 
15.5 Viruses, worms and Trojans
15.6 Intellectual property infringement 
15.7 Pornography 
15.8 Fraud
15.8.1 Phishing
15.8.2 Pharming
15.9 Denial of service attacks
15.10 Acceptable use policies
15.11 Communications Act 2003 
16. Disability discrimination 
16.1 General principles
16.2 Copyright (Visually Impaired Persons) Act 2002
16.3 The Right to Read
16.4 Website accessibility 
16.5 Further information 
17. Other legal issues relevant to librarians
17.1 Introduction 
17.2 Police, surveillance and libraries 
17.3 Cloud computing 
17.3.1 Escrow agreements 
17.3.2 Data protection issues 
17.4 Stocking extremist/controversial literature 
17.5 Theft or mutilation of rare books
17.5.1 Examples of theft by library users 
17.5.2 Examples of theft by library staff 
17.6 Public lending and e-books
17.7 Statutory duty of local authorities to provide a comprehensive library service 
17.8 Further information 
Further reading
1. General law and background 2. Copyright 3. Legal deposit 4. Breach of confidence 5. Patents, trade marks and design right 6. Contracts and licensing agreements 7. Data protection 8. Privacy 9. Freedom of information 10. The Information Commissioner 11. Human rights 12. The reuse of public sector information 13. Defamation 14. Professional liability 15. Cybercrime and computer misuse 16. Disability discrimination 17. Other legal issues relevant to librarians.

Paul Pedley

Paul Pedley is a leading expert in information law. He is a Visiting Lecturer at City University, responsible for the Information Law and Policy Module; he has been a member of LACA, the Libraries and Archives Copyright Alliance since 1998; and is the author of Digital Copyright and Copyright Compliance: Practical Steps to Stay Within the Law, and editor of Managing Digital Rights. He regularly runs training courses on copyright and other legal issues.

"Since the first edition was published in 2003 this has been one of the most essential books on my shelf...If you only purchase one book on law for information professionals, let it be this one...Highly recommended."
— The Electronic Library

"Essential Law is just that – essential reading for any information professional, particularly those with responsibility for compliance in areas such as copyright."

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