Kyle Banerjee has wrangled data for diverse purposes in academic, government, and nonprofit environments since 1996. A firm believer that understanding people is the key to building services of the future from the systems and data of the past, his professional interests revolve around understanding workflows and identifying opportunities in data previously thought inconsistent or incomplete. He has published several books and numerous articles on a variety of topics related to applying technology in library settings.
- Table of Contents
- About the Authors
This book is available in e-book format for libraries and individuals through aggregators and other distributors—ask your current vendor or contact us for more information. Examination copies are available for instructors who are interested in adopting this title for course use.
Whether you’re embarking on the challenge of building a digital collection from scratch, or simply need to understand the conceptual and technical challenges of constructing a digital library, this top-to-bottom resource is the ideal guidebook to keep at your side, especially in this thoroughly updated and reworked edition. Demonstrating how resources are created, distributed, and accessed, and how librarians can keep up with the latest technologies for successfully completing these tasks, its chapters walk you step-by-step through every stage. Demystifying core technologies and workflows, this book comprehensively covers
- needs assessment and planning for a digital repository;
- choosing a platform;
- acquiring, processing, classifying, and describing digital content;
- storing and managing resources in a digital repository;
- digital preservation;
- technologies and standards useful to digital repositories, including XML, the Portland Common Data Model, metadata schema such as Dublin Core, scripting using JSON and REST, linked open data, and automated metadata assignment;
- sharing data and metadata;
- understanding information-access issues, including digital rights management; and
- analyzing repository use, planning for the future, migrating to new platforms, and accommodating new types of data.
This book will thoroughly orient LIS students and others new to the world of digital libraries, and also ensure that current professionals have the knowledge and guidance necessary to construct a digital repository from its inception.
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Should You Build a Repository?
Selling the Project
Getting Your Repository off the Ground
Chapter 2 Choosing a Repository Architecture
Questions to Ask before Choosing an Architecture
- Who Are the Users and What Do They Need?
- What Types of Collections Will It Contain?
- How Are Assets Acquired?
- What Rights Management and Access Controls Do You Need?
- How Does the Repository Handle Preservation?
- How Will the Repository Be Managed?
- Other High-Level Platform Decisions
Building the Requirements List
- Access Control
- Resource and Data Management
Chapter 3 Acquiring, Processing, Classifying, and Describing Digital Content
- Object Requirements
- Kick the Can down the Road
Organizing Content and Assigning Metadata
Setting up Workflow
Protecting the Integrity of Resources
Chapter 4 Preservation Planning
What Is Digital Preservation?
Preserving the Content and Context, Not the Medium
Why Preservation Doesn’t Happen
The Maturity Model
Preservation File Formats
Cloud-Based Digital Preservation Services
Chapter 5 General-Purpose Technologies Useful for Digital Repositories
The Changing Face of Metadata
XML in Libraries
- XML Schema
- Why Use XML-Based Metadata
- XML Is Human-Readable
- XML Offers a Quicker Cataloging Strategy
- Multi-Formatted and Embedded Documents
- Metadata Becomes “Smarter”
- Metadata Becomes “Connected”
- Not Just a Library Standard
- Programming Languages
- Programming Tools
- Software Tools
- REST (Representational State Transfer)
- SPARQL (SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language)
- SRU (Search and Retrieval via URL)
- Code Management
Future of Software Development
- Mobile Application Development
- Applications Continue to Become More Micro
Sharing Your Services
Chapter 6 Metadata Formats
- Dublin Core
- Domain-Specific Metadata Formats
- Embedded Metadata Formats
- PCDM (Portland Common Data Model)
- Semantic Web
Chapter 7 Sharing Data—Harvesting, Linking, and Distribution
The Evolving Role of Libraries
Metadata Doesn’t Want to Be Free . . . If It Did, It Would Be Easy
- Metadata Crosswalking
- OAI-PMH Verbs
Facilitating Third-Party Indexing
- The Oregon State University Electronic Theses Process
- The Oregon State University Libraries: Automatic Data Transfer of Digital Content between the Digital Archive and the HathiTrust
Chapter 8 Access Management
Access Control Mechanisms
- Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
- Single Sign-On (SSO)
- Central Authentication Service (CAS)
- Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML)
- OAuth and Social Media Authentication
- Active Directory
- Internal Authentication
- IP-Based Authentication
- Vended Authentication
Implementing Access Control
Chapter 9 Thinking about Discovery
Federated Search and Digital Libraries
Why Think about Discovery
- DOI (Digital Object Identifiers)
- Search Engine Support
Evaluating User Needs
- Developmental Needs
- User Needs
Chapter 10 Planning for the Future
Providing Information That People Need
Libraries’ New Roles
Learning from the Past
Adapting to Change
Consolidation and Specialization
The Shared Environment
"The manual is clearly organized and provides many examples of descriptive schemas and languages for constructing various aspects of a digital repository. It goes beyond standards such as Dublin Core and XML, and explains new and emerging schemas and languages for both general-purpose and domain specific repositories. The material with this resource provides all the tools necessary for developing and preserving a digital repository in an evolving technological landscape."
"Helpful for readers of all levels of digital experience ... The authors take a large and complex topic and clearly cover its most important points, balancing general information with specific details on the latest technologies. The first edition was written 10 years ago, and this edition is extensively rewritten and includes many important updates."
— Doody's Collection Development Monthly
"The best feature of this book is its interactive component. It asks you questions about your digital library project, so that you can think through the many steps and decisions to be made ... After an introductory chapter, each chapter covers a different aspect of digital libraries, and you may be more familiar with some rather than others. This can help inform the reader about adding more people to the team who have greater understanding of those sections, and the necessity for any team thinking about creating a digital library to incorporate people of various skill sets and knowledge."